United Church of Christ in Cornwall, Congregational.


The History of the Church

1737          The Connecticut General Assembly, meeting in New Haven, passed an act directing the Sale and Settlement of all the Townships on the western Lands. In 1738 fifty rights or shares in Cornwall were sold. Three other shares had been previously reserved: one for the first minister, one as a fund for the support of ministry and one for the support of schools. In 1740 an act of the General Assembly granted Cornwall the right to establish town government and to call a minister and establish a land tax for his support and the construction of a meeting house. While the local congregation has evolved over the centuries, the history of the UCC in Cornwall has been a part of the Town's history from its beginning.

1741         The Reverend Solomon Palmer was installed as the first minister of the Congregational Church; during his tenure, he was also town clerk. After 12  years, he preached a sermon on Joshua 24:15 and announced that his ordination was not valid, that he was an Episcopalian, and that he was resigning his ministry.

And if it seem evil unto you to serve the Lord, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites,, in whose land ye dwell; but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.

1755          The Rev. Hezekiah Gold was installed as the congregation's second minister. The last years of his 25-year tenure were marked by controversy over the apparent wealth of the minister during a time of war and sacrifice, over matters on Congregational theology, and over personality. It is reported that one Sunday, he was locked out of the sanctuary and that a deacon sat on the Bible so he could not preach. The opposition were taken to court and fined. The Rev. Gold remained in his position until he was disconnected from his people by his resignation of office as pastor, and also by death. (Gold, Theodore S., History of Cornwall. Hartford: Press of the Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1877. Page 67.)

1782           A minority of the congregation, who called themselves "Strict Congregationalists," seceded and formed what eventually became known as the Second Congregational Church. They erected their own meeting house, first in Cornwall, in 1785. In 1826 they erected what is now called the North Cornwall Meeting House, located at the corner of Town Street and Coggswell Road. Tradition claims that each pillar in the sanctuary was contributed from the land of members (Clark, Gold, Hart, Pratt, Scoville, Rogers, and others). Some descendants of those contributing families are still active in the life of the church.

1817          The Foreign Mission School was established in Cornwall through the efforts of Litchfield County's Congregational Ministers, who sought to educate and convert Native Americans and overseas natives. Its most well known student was Henry Obookiah, a native Hawaiian who converted to Christianity. He died at the school in 1818 of typhus and was buried in the Cornwall cemetery until a delegation from Hawaii disinterred his body for reburial in Hawaii in the 1980's. The church has received visits throughout the years from Hawaiian Congregationalists interested in the life of their native son. The school closed in 1826, shortly after two Cornwall girls fell in love with and married two Cherokee students - and tested the sympathies of those who sought to help the "heathens.

1842          The current Cornwall Village Meeting House was constructed. In 1873 a chapel was added across the street; that building was sold in 1955 and is now St. Peter's Evangelical Lutheran Church.

1878          The West Cornwall chapel was completed by the Second Church congregation. Sunday School and then worship had been offered in West Cornwall village hall since 1858 so that residents who did not own horses could enjoy church worship and education without having to walk so far. Morning worship was held at North Cornwall and an evening service at West Cornwall; Sunday School was offered at both locations. In 1973 the chapel was sold and is now a private home.

1924           The Woman's Society was formed. The group meets regularly for fellowship and service. Its most recent and ambitious project is the yearly Rummage Sale in July. The sale attracts customers from all over the area and uses three different buildings, including the Mohawk Ski Area lodge. Proceeds support a scholarship fund for Cornwall students.

1939          The Associates of North Cornwall Church is an outgrowth of The Samuel Scoville Associates; the latter organization was formed in 1902 to honor native son The Reverend Samuel Scoville. The Associates for many years organized Old Home Week Sunday, held in August. Year-round and part-time residents heard a guest preacher, then celebrated with a picnic and reminiscences. In 1939, on Old Home Week Sunday when the sanctuary and balcony were full, during the prayer, a loud crack signaled a split in the wall and the balcony came down. No one was injured; the service continued outside with an inspiring sermon; and the Associates repaired the foundation, one of many projects undertaken by the group over the years to help maintain the North Cornwall Meeting House and to enhance the life of the town.

1988           On Palm Sunday, March 27, 1988, the division created in 1782 was ended. The congregations of The First Church of Christ and the Second Congregational Church each voted unanimously to dissolve and form a new church, to be known as The United Church of Christ in Cornwall, Congregational. There had already been several efforts made at reunion. The congregations shared ministers for many years, but finances and membership were maintained separately. At least twice, a vote to merge the congregations was defeated, once by only two votes. Today there is again just one United Church of Christ, Congregational in Cornwall though there are still two meeting houses. Worship and Sunday School during the school year are held in the Cornwall Village Meeting House; in the summer, the congregation moves to North Cornwall for worship.

2001          The United Church of Christ in Cornwall, Congregational declared itself an Open and Affirming Congregation, pledging to recognize and welcome men and women of all ages, races, abilities, and sexual orientations who wish to join with us in worship, membership, leadership, fellowship and service. The Board of Deacons has approved our minister's performing same-sex unions; and our sanctuaries are open to such celebrations of commitment.

2003        A major capital improvement project was dedicated. Cornwall Village Meeting House improvements included three new roofs, new offices, major painting jobs, four new handicapped accessible restrooms, a chair lift, plus other long needed maintenance items. North Cornwall Meeting House boasts new paint and structural repairs to the foundation and steeple.

2007        Going Green.